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Ellen Wilson


Ellen Wilson (1860-1914) foi uma primeira-dama americana (1913-14) e a primeira esposa de Woodrow Wilson, o 28º presidente dos Estados Unidos. Embora muito menos conhecida do que a segunda esposa de seu marido, Edith Galt Wilson, Ellen talvez seja mais lembrada por seus esforços para melhorar as condições de moradia para afro-americanos em Washington, D.C.

Nascida na Geórgia, filha de mãe professora e pai pastor presbiteriano, Ellen Louise Axson exibiu um intelecto impressionante desde tenra idade, aprendendo trigonometria sozinha enquanto se destacava na literatura inglesa e francesa. Embora sua família não pudesse pagar as mensalidades da universidade, Ellen continuou sua educação por meio de aulas de pós-graduação no Rome Female College e longos períodos na biblioteca. Mais tarde, ela se tornou proficiente em alemão para conduzir pesquisas para um dos livros de seu marido e gostava de ler as obras de luminares como Platão, Homer, Milton e Keats.

Woodrow Wilson viu Ellen pela primeira vez quando tinha 6 anos e ela era um bebê. Eles se encontraram novamente em 1883, quando ele era um jovem advogado visitando de Atlanta e compareceu a uma cerimônia realizada pelo pai de Ellen. Wilson conseguiu arranjar uma visita à casa de Axson e, alguns meses depois, ele astutamente programou um período de férias que o trouxe para Asheville, Carolina do Norte, ao mesmo tempo que sua futura esposa. Embora Ellen já tivesse professado indiferença em relação ao casamento, ela aceitou sua proposta surpresa no final da viagem. Eles se casaram em Savannah, Geórgia, em junho de 1885.

Ellen pode ter sido a mais talentosa artisticamente de todos que já residiram na Casa Branca. Ela estava ganhando dinheiro com seus retratos de giz de cera aos 18 anos e frequentou a prestigiosa Art Students League em Nova York por um ano antes de se dedicar aos interesses da família. Ellen mais tarde passou vários verões na colônia de um artista em Old Lyme, Connecticut, onde foi influenciada por um grupo que formou o núcleo dos impressionistas americanos. Uma exposição de seu trabalho foi exibida no Arts and Crafts Guild da Filadélfia pouco antes de ela entrar na Casa Branca em 1913, e ela vendeu quatro de suas pinturas naquele verão.

Durante seus 17 meses como primeira-dama, Ellen é famosa por orientar políticos e líderes cívicos pelas favelas de Washington D.C. para chamar a atenção para seu "projeto de lei de liberação de becos", e ela deu seu peso a causas para apoiar as artes, escolas e condições de trabalho. No entanto, ela pode ter sido muito influente em seu tempo privado com o presidente Wilson. Tendo estudado teoria política enquanto ajudava o marido a pesquisar seus livros anteriores, a instruída primeira-dama era mais do que capaz de se envolver em discussões políticas. Ela também demonstrou instintos políticos aguçados, uma vez ajudando a promover um acordo sobre um projeto de lei depois de sugerir que o presidente convidasse legisladores importantes para jantar.

Não está claro quando Ellen percebeu que tinha a doença de Bright, a doença renal que a matou. As evidências de problemas renais surgiram pela primeira vez após as complicações do parto em 1889, mas a primeira-dama parecia bem até sofrer uma queda feia em março de 1914. Sua saúde piorou depois que ela supervisionou o casamento da filha em maio, e mesmo depois que um médico se mudou para o Casa Branca em julho, a verdade sobre sua condição fatal não foi revelada a Wilson até dias antes de sua morte. Quando Ellen sucumbiu à doença em 6 de agosto, ela foi a terceira primeira-dama a morrer na Casa Branca, seguindo Letitia Tyler em 1842 e Caroline Harrison em 1892.


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Ellen Wilson - HISTÓRIA

Ellen Louise Axson Wilson

"Sou naturalmente a mulher menos ambiciosa e a vida na Casa Branca não tem atrativos para mim." A Sra. Wilson estava escrevendo para agradecer ao Presidente Taft pelos conselhos sobre a mansão que ele estava deixando. Dois anos como primeira-dama de Nova Jersey proporcionaram sua valiosa experiência nos deveres de uma mulher cujo tempo pertence ao povo. Ela sempre desempenhou um papel público com dignidade e graça, mas nunca aprendeu a apreciá-lo.

Aqueles que a conheceram na Casa Branca a descreveram como calma e doce, uma mulher maternal, bonita e refinada. Sua suave voz sulista manteve sua fala arrastada durante muitas mudanças de residência.

Ellen Louise Axson cresceu em Rome, Geórgia, onde seu pai, o reverendo S.E. Axson, era um ministro presbiteriano. Thomas Woodrow Wilson a viu pela primeira vez quando tinha cerca de seis anos e ela era apenas um bebê. Em 1883, como um jovem advogado de Atlanta, "Tommy" visitou Roma e encontrou "Miss Ellie Lou" novamente - uma linda garota agora, cuidando da casa de um pai enlutado. Ele pensou, "que olhos risonhos esplêndidos!" Apesar de sua atração instantânea, eles não se casaram até 1885, porque ela não estava disposta a deixar seu pai de coração partido.

Naquele mesmo ano, o Bryn Mawr College ofereceu a Wilson um cargo de professor com um salário anual de US $ 1.500. Ele e sua noiva moravam perto do campus, mantendo seu irmão mais novo com eles. Insistindo com humor que seus próprios filhos não deveriam nascer ianques, ela procurou parentes na Geórgia para o nascimento de Margaret em 1886 e de Jessie em 1887. Mas Eleanor nasceu em Connecticut, enquanto Wilson lecionava na Wesleyan University.

Sua distinta carreira em Princeton começou em 1890, trazendo para sua esposa novas responsabilidades sociais. De tais demandas ela se refugiou, como sempre, na arte. Ela havia estudado brevemente em Nova York, e a qualidade de suas pinturas se compara favoravelmente com a arte profissional da época. Ela tinha um estúdio com clarabóia instalado na Casa Branca em 1913, e encontrou tempo para pintar, apesar dos casamentos de duas filhas em seis meses e dos deveres de anfitriã da nação.

Os Wilson tinham preferido começar a administração sem um baile inaugural, e os entretenimentos da primeira-dama eram simples, mas sua cordialidade não afetada tornava suas festas um sucesso. Em seu primeiro ano, ela convenceu seu marido escrupuloso de que seria perfeitamente adequado convidar legisladores influentes para um jantar privado, e quando tal noite levou a um acordo sobre um projeto de lei, ele disse a um amigo: "Você vê que esposa sábia eu tenho!"

Descendente de proprietários de escravos, Ellen Wilson emprestou seu prestígio à causa da melhoria das moradias nas favelas negras da capital. Visitando becos dilapidados, ela os chamou a atenção de debutantes e congressistas. Sua morte estimulou a aprovação de um projeto de lei corretivo pelo qual ela havia trabalhado. Sua saúde piorou lentamente por causa da doença de Bright, ela morreu serenamente em 6 de agosto de 1914. No dia antes de sua morte, ela fez seu médico prometer dizer a Wilson "mais tarde" que esperava que ele se casasse novamente, ela murmurou no final ". cuide bem do meu marido. " Lutando severamente para controlar sua dor, Wilson a levou a Roma para ser sepultada entre seus parentes.


Ellen Wilson - HISTÓRIA

Ellen Louise Axson Wilson

"Sou naturalmente a mulher menos ambiciosa e a vida na Casa Branca não tem atrativos para mim." A Sra. Wilson estava escrevendo para agradecer ao Presidente Taft pelos conselhos sobre a mansão que ele estava deixando. Dois anos como primeira-dama de Nova Jersey lhe deram valiosa experiência nos deveres de uma mulher cujo tempo pertence ao povo. Ela sempre desempenhou um papel público com dignidade e graça, mas nunca aprendeu a apreciá-lo.

Aqueles que a conheceram na Casa Branca a descreveram como calma e doce, uma mulher maternal, bonita e refinada. Sua suave voz sulista manteve sua fala arrastada durante muitas mudanças de residência.

Naquele mesmo ano, o Bryn Mawr College ofereceu a Wilson um cargo de professor com um salário anual de US $ 1.500. Ele e sua noiva moravam perto do campus, mantendo seu irmão mais novo com eles. Insistindo com humor que seus próprios filhos não deveriam nascer ianques, ela procurou parentes na Geórgia para o nascimento de Margaret em 1886 e de Jessie em 1887. Mas Eleanor nasceu em Connecticut, enquanto Wilson lecionava na Universidade Wesleyan.

Sua distinta carreira em Princeton começou em 1890, trazendo para sua esposa novas responsabilidades sociais. De tais demandas ela se refugiou, como sempre, na arte. Ela havia estudado brevemente em Nova York, e a qualidade de suas pinturas se compara favoravelmente com a arte profissional da época. Ela tinha um estúdio com clarabóia instalado na Casa Branca em 1913, e encontrou tempo para pintar, apesar dos casamentos de duas filhas em seis meses e dos deveres de anfitriã da nação.

Os Wilson tinham preferido começar a administração sem um baile inaugural, e os entretenimentos da primeira-dama eram simples, mas sua cordialidade não afetada tornava suas festas um sucesso. Em seu primeiro ano, ela convenceu seu marido escrupuloso de que seria perfeitamente adequado convidar legisladores influentes para um jantar privado, e quando tal noite levou a um acordo sobre um projeto de lei, ele disse a um amigo: "Você vê que esposa sábia eu tenho!"

Descendente de proprietários de escravos, Ellen Wilson emprestou seu prestígio à causa da melhoria da moradia nas favelas negras da capital. Visitando becos dilapidados, ela os chamou a atenção de debutantes e congressistas. Sua morte estimulou a aprovação de um projeto de lei corretivo pelo qual ela havia trabalhado. Sua saúde piorou lentamente por causa da doença de Bright, ela morreu serenamente em 6 de agosto de 1914. No dia antes de sua morte, ela fez seu médico prometer dizer a Wilson "mais tarde" que esperava que ele se casasse novamente, ela murmurou no final ". cuide bem do meu marido. " Lutando severamente para controlar sua dor, Wilson a levou a Roma para ser sepultada entre seus parentes.


Mary Ellen Wilson: A criança cujo histórico de abusos reformou a lei americana

& # 8220Meu nome é Mary Ellen Wilson. Não sei quantos anos tenho. Mamãe me chicoteia e me espanca quase todos os dias. Eu nunca fui beijada pelo amor. Nunca tive permissão para brincar com outras crianças e nunca me atrevi a falar com ninguém porque, se o fizesse, seria chicoteado. Sempre que mamãe sai, ela me tranca no quarto. Eu nunca estive fora de & # 8230 & # 8221

Sem dúvida, essas palavras deprimentes lembram inúmeros relatos de crianças em casos de abuso que são cobertos com muita frequência pela mídia. De acordo com o Grupo de Defesa da Família de Serviço Comunitário do Exército, cinco crianças morrem todos os dias como resultado de abuso infantil, enquanto três em cada quatro têm menos de 4 anos.

Há mais de um século, não existiam leis que protegessem as crianças do abuso físico dos pais. Punições dolorosas eram para alguns pais uma estratégia cotidiana de lidar com seus filhos malcomportados, sem a preocupação de serem punidos.

No entanto, o caso de Mary Ellen Wilson em 1874 abalou a base para pais abusivos e chegou ao ponto de estabelecer remédios legais para intervenção dentro da casa de uma criança. Os depoimentos de Mary Ellen no tribunal sombrio da Suprema Corte do Estado de Nova York alteraram inteiramente a compreensão pública do abuso de crianças e, além disso, a importância do envolvimento da sociedade na prevenção e no fim desse abuso.

Mary Ellen nasceu em 1864 em uma família no bairro Hell & # 8217s Kitchen, na cidade de Nova York. Quando seu pai morreu, sua mãe tentou pagar as contas, pegando um emprego após o outro, a ponto de perceber que não poderia mais sustentar Mary.

A menina foi entregue à custódia de uma mulher chamada Mary Score. Esta foi apenas uma solução temporária, já que a situação financeira desesperadora de sua mãe significava que ela não conseguia manter os pagamentos de creche para Mary Score. Quando Mary Ellen tinha dois anos, ela foi entregue ao Departamento de Caridade da cidade de Nova York. O departamento nomeou Thomas e Mary McCormack como os novos custódios de Mary Ellen.

Os McCormacks obtiveram a posse da criança do Departamento de Caridade, mas, como mais tarde foi provado, o fizeram com documentos falsificados. O departamento exigia um relatório anual da condição da criança, entretanto, os McCormacks não eram muito diligentes a respeito. Thomas morreu logo depois que Mary Ellen passou para os cuidados da família. Mary McCormack casou-se novamente e mudou-se com Mary Ellen para um apartamento na West 41st Street, o lugar onde a horrível história foi finalmente revelada.

Os vizinhos foram os primeiros a suspeitar que havia algo incomum no tratamento da mãe adotiva. Uma delas, a Sra. Connolly, ficou muito preocupada e pediu a uma professora religiosa local, Etta Angell Wheeler, para verificar a família. Inventando uma história sobre como cuidar de uma senhora idosa que morava em casa doente na vizinhança, Etta e Connolly pegaram as chaves com o porteiro e entraram no apartamento onde morava Mary Ellen.

O que eles viram estava além de qualquer palavra para descrever. Etta mais tarde testemunhou no tribunal. & # 8220Ela era muito pequena, do tamanho de uma criança de 5 anos, embora tivesse 9 anos. De uma panela colocada sobre um fogão baixo, ela lavava pratos, lutando com uma frigideira que era quase tão pesada quanto ela. Do outro lado da mesa estava um chicote brutal feito de fios de couro retorcidos. Os magros braços e pernas da criança traziam marcas de seu uso. Mas a parte mais triste de sua história estava escrita em seu rosto. O olhar de supressão e miséria, o rosto de uma criança não amada que viu apenas o lado temível da vida. & # 8221

Etta Angell Wheeler (1834-1921)

A Sra. Wheeler observou que a criança foi severamente abusada, subnutrida e, por fim, negligenciada. Alegadamente, Mary ficou sem sapatos em dezembro. Etta foi à polícia, mas ficou surpresa ao saber que precisava apresentar prova de agressão. Aparentemente, o relato da testemunha ocular sobre as cicatrizes e hematomas da criança e as duras condições de vida não foram suficientes. Na época, havia leis que protegiam as crianças de agressão e espancamento, mas não havia leis que obtivessem intervenção na casa da criança.

Etta estava determinada a resolver o problema, então ela recorreu ao advogado Henry Berg, que também foi o fundador da Sociedade Americana para a Prevenção da Crueldade contra Animais. Apoiado pelos testemunhos de vizinhos e # 8217, Henry conseguiu remover Mary Ellen de sua casa abusiva e levou sua mãe adotiva a julgamento na Suprema Corte do Estado de Nova York.

Henry Bergh, levou à formação da Sociedade de Massachusetts para a Prevenção da Crueldade contra Crianças (MSPCC) em 1874,

Quando Mary Ellen se aproximou do banco, ela declarou: & # 8220Meu pai e minha mãe estão mortos. Não sei quantos anos tenho, não tenho lembranças da época em que não vivia com os McCormacs. O chicote sempre deixou uma marca preta e azul no meu corpo. Eu tenho agora as marcas pretas e azuis na minha cabeça que foram feitas pela mamãe e também um corte no lado esquerdo da minha testa que foi feito por uma tesoura. Ela me bateu com a tesoura e me cortou. Não me lembro de ter sido beijado por ninguém. Nunca fui levada no colo da minha mãe e acariciada ou acariciada. Nunca ousei falar com ninguém porque, se o fizesse, seria chicoteado. Não sei pelo que fui chicoteado, mamãe nunca me disse nada quando me chicoteou. Eu não quero voltar a viver com a mamãe porque ela me bate muito. & # 8221

Um detalhe da fachada da 295 Park Avenue South na 23rd Street no Flatiron District de Manhattan, na cidade de Nova York, construída em 1892 como sede da Sociedade de Nova York para a Prevenção da Crueldade contra Crianças. O edifício foi projetado por Renwick, Aspinwall & amp Renwick. Autor Beyond My Ken

A Sra. McCormac foi condenada a um ano de prisão e Mary Ellen foi colocada em um lar para menores. A história teve um final feliz quando Etta Wheeler obteve a custódia dela. O caso de Mary Ellen atraiu grande atenção do público, resultando em uma alteração revolucionária no sistema jurídico americano. Naquele mesmo ano, foi fundada a Sociedade de Prevenção da Crueldade contra Crianças de Nova York.

Em 1888, Mary Ellen casou-se e logo depois tornou-se mãe de dois filhos e, posteriormente, de uma órfã adotiva. Ela chamou sua filha de Etta em homenagem a Etta Wheeler, sua salvadora e a primeira pessoa que demonstrou seu amor e afeto.


Ellen Wilson

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Ellen Wilson, née Ellen Louise Axson, (nascido em 15 de maio de 1860, Savannah, Geórgia, EUA - falecido em 6 de agosto de 1914, Washington, D.C.), primeira-dama americana (1913–14), a primeira esposa de Woodrow Wilson, 28º presidente dos Estados Unidos. Embora muito menos famosa do que a segunda esposa de seu marido, Edith Galt Wilson, Ellen desempenhou um grande papel na carreira de Woodrow e mudou significativamente o papel tradicional da primeira-dama. Ela talvez seja mais lembrada por seus esforços para melhorar as condições de moradia dos afro-americanos em Washington, D.C.

Ellen era a mais velha dos sete filhos de Samuel Axson, um ministro presbiteriano, e Margaret Hoyt Axson. Durante o nascimento de seu último filho em 1881, quando Ellen tinha 21 anos, Margaret Axson morreu. O colapso mental subsequente do pai de Ellen e sua morte em 1884 a deixaram como chefe da família.

Assim que conseguiu colocar seus irmãos mais novos com parentes na Geórgia, Ellen pegou sua pequena herança e se mudou para Nova York para estudar pintura na Art Students League, um passo excepcionalmente corajoso para uma jovem naquela época. Sua mudança é ainda mais surpreendente considerando que ela já havia conhecido Woodrow Wilson (em 1883), e ele havia proposto casamento. Ela poderia ter permanecido na Geórgia enquanto ele completava o doutorado, mas escolheu um curso mais independente.

Ellen e Woodrow se casaram em 24 de junho de 1885, na casa de seu avô paterno em Savannah, Geórgia, e eles se mudaram para Bryn Mawr, Pensilvânia, onde ele conseguiu um emprego como professor associado de história e economia política no Bryn Mawr College. Embora passasse grande parte do tempo cuidando das três filhas, nascidas entre 1886 e 1889, e dos irmãos, ela conseguiu estudar alemão para traduzir para o marido e fazer um curso de economia doméstica. O mandato de Woodrow como presidente da Universidade de Princeton (1902–10) permitiu que ela aprimorasse suas habilidades de administração doméstica e anfitriã, que mais tarde a serviram na Casa Branca, e seus dois anos como governador de Nova Jersey (1910–12) a ajudaram a se desenvolver uma pessoa pública. Continuou a pintar retratos e paisagens e expôs os seus trabalhos, pelos quais recebeu excelentes críticas em concursos com o nome de E.A. Wilson, depois que seu marido ficou famoso.

Ellen serviu apenas 17 meses como primeira-dama e durante a maior parte do tempo esteve doente. Mesmo assim, ela fez o tempo contar. Embora ela não assumisse uma posição pública sobre o sufrágio feminino (ao qual seu marido ainda se opunha), ela serviu como presidente honorária da National Civic Foundation, defendeu melhores condições de trabalho para mulheres e crianças e fez lobby vigoroso para melhorar as condições de moradia dos afro-americanos que vivem em os becos de Washington. Seus esforços resultaram em um projeto de lei federal estabelecendo padrões mínimos de habitação no Distrito de Columbia, que foi aprovado pela Câmara e pelo Senado em agosto de 1914, enquanto ela morria na Casa Branca de doença de Bright. Nunca antes a esposa de um presidente esteve tão intimamente associada à legislação.

Ellen Wilson foi enterrada em Rome, Geórgia, perto dos túmulos de seus pais. Como observou sua biógrafa, Frances Saunders, ela mostrou como era possível para a primeira-dama combinar o trabalho político em prol das causas sociais com seus deveres domésticos mais tradicionais.


Ellen Axson Wilson

Ellen Axson Wilson foi a primeira-dama dos Estados Unidos (1913-1914) quando seu marido, Woodrow Wilson, se tornou nosso 28º presidente. Ela cresceu em Roma, onde seu pai, o Rev. Samuel Edward Axson, era pastor da Primeira Igreja Presbiteriana.

Ellen foi educada na Academia Feminina de Roma, onde estudou arte, ganhando um prêmio internacional.

Ellen e Woodrow se conheceram na igreja de seu pai e se casaram em Savannah em 1885. Ela o ajudou no início de sua carreira como professor e presidente de faculdade, enquanto criava suas três filhas e perseguia seu interesse pela arte.

A Sra. Wilson posteriormente estudou com os impressionistas americanos plein-air em Old Lyme, Connecticut. Ela expôs e vendeu suas pinturas, doando seus ganhos para as Escolas Berry.

Ela se tornou ativa no bem-estar social quando Woodrow Wilson era governador de Nova Jersey (1910-1912).

Depois que Woodrow Wilson foi eleito presidente, ela fez lobby pela renovação urbana em Washington, DC, a primeira primeira-dama a trabalhar por uma causa fora da Casa Branca que não era de seu marido.

Seu ativismo deu um exemplo para a jovem Eleanor Roosevelt, cujo marido, Franklin, estava no governo Wilson. A Sra. Wilson também projetou o jardim de rosas da Casa Branca original.

Ela morreu na Casa Branca em 6 de agosto de 1914, com a eclosão da Primeira Guerra Mundial

Ela está enterrada ao lado de seus pais no cemitério de Myrtle Hill em Roma, Geórgia.

Tópicos Este marcador histórico está listado nestas listas de tópicos: Artes, Letras, Música e caridade do touro e Obras públicas e Mulheres do touro. Uma data histórica significativa para esta entrada é 6 de agosto de 1914.

Localização. 34 e 15.297 e # 8242 N, 85 e 10.395 e # 8242 W. Marker está localizado em Rome, Georgia, no condado de Floyd. O marcador pode ser alcançado na Tribune Street. Marker está na trilha Downtown Riverfront, atrás do Forum River Center. Toque para ver o mapa. O marcador está neste endereço postal ou próximo a este: 301 Tribune Street, Rome GA 30161, Estados Unidos da América. Toque para obter instruções.

Outros marcadores próximos. Pelo menos 8 outros marcadores estão a uma curta distância deste marcador. Opera Alley (cerca de 300 pés de distância, medido em uma linha direta) The Woman Who Saved Football in Georgia (cerca de 500 pés de distância) Floyd County (cerca de 250 pés de distância) O Old Town Clock (aprox. milhas de distância) Old Town Clock Museum (aproximadamente milhas de distância) The Noble Brothers Foundry (aproximadamente milhas de distância) Floyd County Memorial da Primeira Guerra Mundial (aproximadamente 0,3 milhas de distância) Biblioteca Carnegie (aprox. 0,3 milhas de distância). Toque para obter uma lista e um mapa de todos os marcadores em Roma.

Veja também . . . Ellen Wilson. Biografia detalhada da Biblioteca Nacional de Primeiras Damas. (Enviado em 15 de abril de 2021, por Duane Marsteller de Murfreesboro, Tennessee.)


História [editar | editar fonte]

Treinamento de astronautas [editar | editar fonte]

Em 6 de janeiro de 1970, Ellen se juntou a outras 19 mulheres para iniciar seu treinamento de astronauta. Deke entrou e se apresentou, dizendo que seria um treinamento vigoroso, durante o qual esperava muito menos do que os 20 candidatos. Ele explicou que seriam avaliados à medida que avançassem, o que incluía desempenho do piloto, nível acadêmico, caráter e motivação. Ele postaria resultados de vez em quando, se seus nomes não estivessem na lista, eles foram retirados do programa.

A certa altura, Tracy encontrou Ellen e parou para ajudá-la.

Enquanto Tracy caminhava, ela encontrou Ellen que havia caído e machucado o pé, porém, ela mencionou que não podia usar o walkie-talkie. Tracy a ajudou e disse que provavelmente era uma torção grave. Para ajudar com o sol, Tracy encobriu Ellen e a conheceu um pouco melhor no processo, descobrindo que a família de Ellen era proprietária da Cavalier Airlines.

Depois de um tempo, Deke gritou por meio de seu walkie-talkie e disse a todos os candidatos restantes que transmitissem pelo rádio sua localização aproximada. Como não obteve resposta, voltou a falar pelo rádio, mas foi respondido por Tracy, que lhe disse que não precisava gritar. Os paramédicos receberam Ellen, e Tracy recebeu água enquanto Deke a lembrava de que não era um exercício de equipe: Ellen deveria ter falado pelo rádio e Tracy não deveria ter parado para ajudá-la, mas Tracy disse a ele que não iria deixá-la para trás, e ele não teria feito isso também.

No dia 200 do programa, Ed apresentou os cinco candidatos restantes ao simulador LEM, que emularia a dinâmica de vôo da nave espacial do módulo lunar. Ele disse que era como um helicóptero, com algumas diferenças. Ele disse a eles que a atividade para aquele dia seria realizar manobras básicas de decolagem e pouso com cada um deles voando a uma altitude de 300 pés, pairar 30 segundos, executar um giro de 360 ​​no sentido horário, pairar por mais 30 segundos e pousar em um alvo . No entanto, Patty Doyle perdeu o controle do simulador e caiu.

Selecionado como astronauta [editar | editar fonte]

Após a morte de Patty Doyle, Molly Cobb senta-se no bar em Outpost Tavern, onde se junta a Ellen, Tracy Stevens e Danielle Poole, que lhe dizem que ela perdeu o serviço. Eles tentam consolá-la, enquanto Pam serve bebidas para as mulheres, mas Molly não diz uma palavra até que menciona que Patty deveria ter se expulso e que o programa provavelmente seria cancelado.

Deke apresenta todas as astronautas do sexo feminino para a imprensa.

Em 27 de outubro de 1970, Thomas não sabe quem convocou uma entrevista coletiva. Na conferência, Deke anuncia que Danielle, Ellen, Molly e Tracy foram as primeiras mulheres a completar todo o treinamento de astronautas exigido pela NASA. Ele apresenta cada um deles e aperta suas mãos, enquanto a imprensa bate palmas em comemoração. Deke vai até Thomas, que diz que não autorizou o que fez. Deke estava ciente disso e o lembrou de que era ele quem decidia quem subiria e quando. Thomas o parabenizou por fazer a lista de merda de Nixon.

No Outpost, Ellen falou com Lar, que disse que ela seria a reserva de Molly. Ellen disse a ele que Molly era o melhor piloto da classe, prosperando sob pressão. No entanto, o homem disse a ela que Ed é um homem sensato, e Molly "adora uma tempestade de merda", o que significava que Ellen provavelmente poderia levar uma surra. Ela acabou indo para casa com Pam Horton.

Larry Wilson foi chamado de manhã cedo e Coop disse que eles precisavam de Ellen às 6 da manhã, já que o cronograma de treinamento da equipe principal acabara de mudar. No entanto, Ellen não estava com ele, mas com Pam Horton, que pegou o telefone e depois disse a Ellen para se preparar.

Durante a carona que Larry deu a Ellen, Ellen tentou explicar que ela havia bebido muito, e Pam e ela decidiram que era melhor ela não dirigir. Lar, no entanto, disse a Ellen que os dois estavam ficando desleixados e ela não podia se dar ao luxo de mentir para as autoridades ou poderia ter sua carreira encerrada. Ele pediu que ela agisse da maneira que todos esperavam que eles agissem, e tudo ficaria bem. Quando eles entraram na NASA, os dois deram as mãos.

No Outpost, as mulheres se reuniram, não tanto para ver a Apollo 23, mas para ver a Emenda de Direitos Iguais no Senado do Estado de Illinois, que era uma das principais prioridades de Ted Kennedy. Quando o voto final foi dado a favor, Pam Horton e Ellen Wilson abraçou e Larry Wilson abraçou Ellen também.

No Outpost, Pam, Ellen e Larry falaram sobre a Emenda de Direitos Iguais, mas Larry mencionou que não havia nenhuma maneira dos americanos assistirem suas filhas irem para a guerra, mas Pam mencionou que eles costumavam dizer a mesma coisa sobre as mulheres e olhou para Ellen. Larry disse a ele que direitos iguais não significam o mesmo que direitos gays.

No Outpost, Larry disse a Pam e Ellen que foi interrogado, mencionando que normalmente o FBI divulga esses segredos porque os russos podem usar esses segredos para chantagear você. Larry disse a Ellen para estar pronta, já que o que ela estava cometendo era um crime, mas eles precisavam continuar trabalhando na NASA.

Pam e Ellen estavam se abraçando na cama, mas Ellen diz a Pam que talvez elas devessem fazer uma pausa, já que a investigação do FBI a feriu e ela também não sabe para onde está indo seu relacionamento com Pam, já que ela não tinha certeza de que poderia ir a qualquer lugar ou se ser lésbica era uma fase para ela.

Investigado pelo FBI [editar | editar fonte]

Ellen foi entrevistada pelo agente do FBI para descobrir se Larry era gay.

Ellen é entrevistada pelo oficial do FBI e menciona que sua claustrofobia era um medo de infância, que ela superou. Ela disse que havia sido informada de que suas informações médicas eram confidenciais e que a incomodava que ele as estivesse folheando. Ele mencionou que não queria irritá-la e lembrou que poderia expulsá-la do programa. No entanto, ela disse a ele que sabia que estava lá apenas porque ele acreditava que seu namorado era gay, mas ele disse a ela que eles não estavam lá para falar sobre seu namorado, já que ele não conseguia entendê-la, já que seu perfil a tornava muito melhor do que Larry Wilson desde que ele era um homossexual. Ele a pressionou para contar a verdade de Larry, mas não foi capaz.

Ellen conversou com Larry e Pam sobre isso, e Larry mencionou que os telefones provavelmente estavam grampeados. Eles assistiram ao noticiário em Outpost e continuaram bebendo.

Weisner diz a Ellen que o Agente Donahue acreditava que Larry era homossexual, o que poderia representar uma ameaça à segurança do programa, entretanto, havia uma nova crença de que Ellen também era homossexual, o que ela qualificou como absurdo. Weisner disse a ela que eles não acreditam que seja hora de um escândalo sexual. Ela diz a ele que não pode controlar Donahue ou o departamento de justiça e Weisner diz a ela que ela e Larry podem dar um passo a mais em seu relacionamento.

Ellen sugeriu se casar com Larry em Outpost, o que Pam não gostou.

No Outpost, Ellen diz a Larry que eles não podem permitir que seu segredo seja revelado. Larry diz a ela que seguir em frente os colocaria em uma zona mais segura, mas Pam diz a Ellen que se ela continuar, as coisas definitivamente estariam acabadas entre os dois.

Ellen chega em casa e abre a janela, mas vê um carro do lado de fora, que sai assim que ela o vê.

Mais tarde, Ellen e Larry se casaram.

Apollo 24 [editar | editar fonte]

Na NASA, astronautas, incluindo Danielle, estão assistindo Gordo ser celebrado por tê-los trazido de volta à Terra, bem como parabenizando Ellen, que agora era casada com Larry por se tornar o novo comandante da Apollo 24. Deke menciona que ele era, na verdade, parte de Mercúrio e mencionou que ele era capaz de voar, mas designou Ellen como líder porque ele sabia que ela era muito capaz. O entrevistador, no entanto, menciona que o acidente de Danielle em Jamestown levantou a questão de ter mulheres vivendo na lua, mas Ellen defendeu sua companheira. Harry defende o ataque óbvio do entrevistador a Ellen, dizendo que não estava preocupado em servir a ela.

Ellen, Harry e Deke são informados mais tarde na NASA que, quando acoplassem ao LSAM, eles precisariam realizar um teste de sistema. Ellen pergunta qual seria a carga deles, mas a mulher disse que eles ainda não sabiam. Deke perguntou qual era o mistério, já que provavelmente seriam apenas 20.000 libras de comida e gás.

A Apollo 24 foi lançada para trazer de volta Ed, que ficou preso na lua por 159 dias. Deke ligou para Houston, dizendo que eles estavam prontos para a injeção translunar. Gordo confirmou que eles receberam a mensagem e perguntou a Deke se ele gostou da vista. E então Deke, Ellen e Harry seguiram em frente. No entanto, quando eles tentaram acender, ele falhou.

As Apollo 24 e 25 começaram a trabalhar juntas para consertar 24. Eles instalaram o FCC de que precisavam e então iniciaram um teste, que Margo dirigiu. Ellen menciona que a pressão do tanque havia aumentado. Margo percebeu o que estava acontecendo e disse-lhes para fazerem os astronautas restantes se afastarem do propulsor, pois ele ainda estava armado. Era tarde demais o propulsor acendeu, fazendo Deke bater em um bocal de direção, e Harry deslizou para baixo do propulsor na pluma do escapamento do motor dissolvendo-se no calor do escapamento. Molly desconectou a corda que segurava 25 a 24 e, em seguida, soltou e soltou. Molly mencionou que ela quase não tinha oxigênio sobrando e eles tentaram encontrá-la, pois não podiam vê-la. Tracy managed to see her, but Apollo 24 was still uncommunicative.

Mission control got the trajectory on 24, but did not know if they were dead or alive. Apollo 24 was not heading for the moon at all and could not communicate.

Ellen comes to after Deke calls her. He tells her that she needs to abort the burn and also tells her he does not have much left in his OPS and he has a puncture in his suit. However, her abort handle is non-responsive, and Houston can not be reached. She pulls on a chord only to find out Harry had been lost in space. She pulls on Deke's chord and is able to bring him into the ship. They close the hatch and are able to remove their helmets, but Deke had been stabbed by the smashed steering thruster, so Ellen tells him to apply pressure on the wound. She tries reaching Houston once again, but they remain uncommunicative.

Ellen placed stitches on Deke's wound while the latter told her that Harry died.

Ellen put stitches on Deke's wound, who complained that their communication problems were most likely due to their comm systems having been updated. Ellen told him to calm down and also reminded him that they were risking losing lunar orbit, also asking if he was up for another burn, which he nodded to. Deke told her that Harry had been dragged into the plume, which swallowed him whole. The CSM separated and they kept moving.

It seemed Ellen and Deke were now heading towards the moon and were moving very fast. Ellen switched to manual, but depleted the SPS and they did not make it by thirty feet. However, in mission control Margo stumbled upon everybody celebrating since they now knew they were alive. Aleida went to NASA and saw Margo, who was still working.

Deke was disgusted when Ellen told him her big secret.

Deke tells Ellen that their death would not be the worst way to go. He also tells her that he kind of wants to see how far they get, but lets out a cry of pain. Ellen looks at his wound and notices internal bleeding Deke tells her that he had always thought he had seen a bit of John Glenn in her since whenever she wanted to walk into a room, people saw her and listened to her. He tells her that his "in case of death letter" was bad since he was distracted and only had two minutes to write it. He tells Ellen that Marge deserved better and still could not believe Marge had said yes to him. He asks Ellen for her story ad she tells him that it was nice how Larry had proposed. He tells him that Larry had taken her to Memorial Park, but did not finish the story and said that she did not know what she was doing since she was heading towards nowhere and tells Deke that she had to hide parts of who she was and told him that she did not love Larry, but Pam. Deke realized Pam was the bartender and laughed until he realized she was serious and was disgusted.

Karen went to Outpost, where Pam was told that Ellen was alive by Larry. He did not tell her anything else. Karen asked her if she was Pam and told her that Ed went there a lot. She asked Pam to surprise her and she told her that Ed always spoke highly of the place, but it was a shithole. Karen told her that it was understood that wives do not go to Outpost, and Pam complained that men had a lot of rules, which Karen called bullshit. Pam told her that the country looked up to them and told her that she would not feel sorry for her, but apologized, saying that the last few days had been rough since she knew some all of astronauts. She told Karen that she had become "good friends" with Ellen, but was not being told anything by anyone. Karen told Pam that Ed was her husband, and told Pam that it was okay, also telling her that she should go to JSC with her.

Deke asked Ellen if she was aware of the security risks, since she was opening herself up to blackmail, manipulation. Ellen told him that that was not fair, but Deke told her that she was putting everybody at risk. Ellen said she believed that he would understand because he had pushed for the women when nobody else had, but Deke told her that that was because they were good pilots and being women was beside the point. Ellen told Deke that the world was changing and that he helped do it. Deke started letting out a cry of pain, and Ellen told him to breathe.

Ellen fed Deke, who was now laying down. They suddenly heard Ed radio to them and Ellen responded, saying they were there to rescue him. He greeted Ellen and asked how Deke was doing, but Ellen told him that space had made Deke more soft and cuddly than usual. Ed said he was sorry to hear that and told them how the plan would go.

Deke advised Ellen to not reveal her secret since the world had too many people who thought like him.

Deke regains his ability to talk and weakly told Ellen that she has great things ahead and that if they made it through, to not tell anybody else. He tells her to keep it to herself since there were too many people like him and it was all they would see.

Ed radios 24 and tells them that Houston was working on a fix, but Deke says that there would be no time for him to dock. Ellen suggests Ed throwing a tank. Weisner argues against it, but Margo tells him to shut up or fuck off. Ed removes the tank while Ellen exits 24 he throws the tank, but it went a little too high. Ellen removed her chord and jumped, successfully attaching it to the tank and barely able to hold on to it. Everybody at Houston celebrates, completely impressed by the stunt.

Ellen goes back to 24, asking Deke if he had seen her, but sees he is slumped and not moving. At Houston, everybody finds out Deke has passed and look at Marge. Weisner personally walks up to her and takes his glasses off, breaking the news to her. Karen hugs Marge, who starts crying.

When Ellen makes it to the moon, they stand in front of Shane's grave and drop Deke's pin on the ground, also burying him next to Shane's grave.

Ed tells Ellen that she should probably rest since during the next few days, they would start digging, but Ellen tells him that he would be returning on Osprey. Ed tells her that they can not expect to hold the mission then, since she would be alone and could not leave the base after everything that had happened. He mentioned another relief mission that would be there in a few days, but Ellen tells him that she would send him back home. Ellen tells him that she relieves him as commander of Jamestown and Ed nods.

Ellen is interviewed over what had happened with Deke. Ellen tells them that Deke had been a pioneer and a stubborn man, having helped everybody get to space. A reporter tells her that travelling to space now seemed like a dangerous endeavor, but Ellen says that everybody knows the risk and it was worth it because things could get better. In order to say goodbye, she said she loved Larry. After she hung up, she found an ant running on the floor of Jamestown.

1983 [ edit | editar fonte]

On May 21, 1983, at what is now known as Jamestown Colony, Ellen asks Larry for no more parties, but he tells her it was not his idea. She accepts and tells him that she does not want a birthday party, but would be fine with a welcome home party since she did not want to be reminded she was 40 now. She told him that she was handing the base off to the new commander, who was outside with the rest of the crew, so she had the base to herself for probably the last time, which she wanted to enjoy. After they said goodbye, Ellen moved through the base and looked around.

Meanwhile, astronauts walked outside with flashlights. Wubbo tells Molly his team that he was positioning the rover so that they could see the sunrise. They all turned off their flashlights and were soon iluminated by the sun. Molly told Wubbo to stop staring at his screen and look at the sun, which he did. The astronauts started singing, joined by Ellen at the base.

When a serious solar flare was headed their way, Ellen told all the astronauts to head back to the base, so they headed to the rover. However, Molly Wubbo were too far out to make it back to the base, so Molly told Ellen that they would find shelter in place. Molly told Wubbo that there was a lava tube next to base camp where they would meet inside. Wubbo agreed and they started moving.

Ellen instructed everybody to lock everything down and headed to an underground bunker, where they would stay for at least three hours. Meanwhile, Molly reached the lava tube, but did not hear back from Wubbo when she talked to him. She looked through a powerful camera lens and found that Wubbo's rover had flipped and the astronaut was not moving.

As the storm reached the moon, Molly went inside the lava tube and was told by Ellen to stay inside at all times. She looked out as the sand on the moon's surface started moving and took off her dosimeter watch. After that, she headed outside in order to reach Wubbo and ran across the storm. When she reached Wubbo, she found he was injured and unconscious, and carried him back to the lava tube, which was not an task for her. She looked at Wubbo's dosimeter and found it was red when she held hers, she was still green.

Molly tells Ellen that she took shelter in the lava tube, trying to reach Wubbo, but when the two finally reached Jamestown, she was not feeling very well herself. Ellen tells her that she made the right call and a doctor says that it is uncertain how bad Wubbo would be, but would likely develop cancer in the next few years. Ellen tells Molly that she would be returning to Houston with her, but Molly complains since her dosimeter was green. Ellen tells her that her decision was final.

Margo talks to Ellen through a video communicating device and asks her how the power situation was holding up. Ellen says that they were recuperating and told Ed that life support systems should be doing fine, but the Mars program would have to be put on hold, also mentioning that the fuel rods were damaged. Margo takes note that they would need to send more plutonium and says that she would alert Guam to implement nuclear transportation guidelines, only to be told by Bradford that they would need to ask the Pentagon first. Thomas walks in with news that the president wanted to ease tensions with the Soviets, mentioning that putting missles on Pathfinder was on hold for now and that they needed an American astronaut and a Soviet cosmonaut to come together for a handshake in space. Margo laughed, but Thomas told Ed to prep the crew. Margo said that it would never be done, but Thomas told her to relax and to figure something out.

Ellen looks around Jamestown and remembers how long she had been up there in total, preparing to leave and assigned Al as commander of Jamestown. She got into the LSAM with Molly and more people who were ready to go back to Earth.

Molly and Ellen make it to Earth, where the former is not feeling so good. They are received by many people, and Ellen thanks the crew. Wayne greets Molly and hugs her he gets her out of there and tells her nobody would notice.

At Ellen and Larry's house, they both watched the news, joined by another man, who told Larry he needed to go, and kissed him. Ellen tells Larry that he had "trained" the man well. She asks him if it is a serious relationship, but he says he does not know. Ellen says that she is not ready for any romance at the moment since she was busy, and asks Larry if he had been promoted, but he says he had not since Boeing only gave people promotions in December. They say goodbye to one another and leave.

Ellen was welcomed to the administrative side of NASA by Thomas, Margo, and Bradford.

Ellen makes it to NASA, where she greets Margo, Thomas, and Bradford. Margo tells her their first meeting would be concerning budgets and they begin talking. Margo says they need more money for Jamestown and they would need to get it from the Mars program. Ellen says that the Mars program was very delayed and said that there had to be another way, but Thomas says that they need to pick their battles. Margo looks through index cards and finds Aleida Rosales listed, and asks for a minute.

Ellen asked Thomas about funding Mars instead of the moon.

Ellen visits Thomas and tells him that the moon had sucked up a lot of funding, but Mars could give them an upper hand. He tells her that she has a problem - she did not fool anyone and he told her that she needed to be a better poker player, revealing that he had written a speech in which a senator attacked their lunar costs. She asked why, and he said that the senator needed to demonstrate independence, which had in turn granted NASA the ability to self-fund and would give them enough money to explore Mars as long as the democrats did not win. She tells him that it must have been difficult for him to have lost his job once Kennedy had gotten elected. He says it was part of the job, which he had lobbied his way into during the war after being impressed by the stars. Ellen mentions she was surprised that he actually loved space and was not just some politician, but he says that it was fine if people saw him that way since they were the ones who made everything happen. He tells her that she would help him greatly since she was very genuine, but tells her not to lose track of who she really was.

Larry is having dinner with another man when Ellen gets home. Larry asks her how her day was, but they told her they would head out. Larry asks her to join them, but she declines. He hands her her mail and leaves. As Ellen opens it up, she stumbles upon a package sent by Pam, which was her book. On the front page Pam asks if Ellen knew which poem was about her, and Ellen starts reading the book.

Ed told everyone that he wanted Danielle to command the Apollo mission, and everybody agreed.

Ellen, Bradford, Margo, and Thomas congratulated him on his nine years of service as head of the astronaut office. When Ed asked if he had to make a wish, Margo told him that it had already been granted since he would be commanding Pathfinder. Ed blows out the candle and the meeting begins. Thomas tells them that the Soviets had agreed to mount a mission with them on the moon, which nobody likes. Bradford says that the only reason they accepted was so that they could get a closer look on American technology, but Ellen says that they have old technology which they could use. Everybody likes the idea of that, and Thomas asks Ed to choose a crew. He says the commander would be Danielle, but Thomas says that they might want to consider different possibilities since they only wanted the best. Ed asks what that was supposed to mean, since what had happened to Danielle's arm was not her fault Ellen agrees with Ed and Margo does as well. Everybody likes the idea and Bradford mentions that this would be a powerful message, and after Thomas says that he would let everybody know, he asks him to tell him if anybody gave him any trouble so he could call the Secretary of Defense so he would support it.

A ceremony is held, and Soviet cosmonauts are received by NASA. Margo tells Thomas that she believes if she can pretend to be happy, the Russians could pretend as well. They greet the cosmonauts, and Ellen greets one in Russian, but tells him she is not fluent, which makes Molly laugh. Danielle greets the cosmonauts happily, and they move forward.

Later, Ellen asked how they were supposed to get anywhere if nobody wanted to share information, and Bradford simply responded that they would not get anywhere. Margo complained, and Bradford told her that he was confident that she would make things not move forward.

Ellen walks with Pam, who tells her that she does not know what will happen between them, and she could not toss her life aside for her again. Ellen told her that she was not asking her to, but wanted both of them to figure out what their relationship meant. Pam told her that it was an affair, but Ellen told her that it did not have to be just that, but Pam tells her that it was hard to trust her, and Ellen suggests that she did not have to be at NASA since she wanted her, saying that she was willing to do anything in order to keep her, but Pam tells her that since she was a public figure she did not want Elise to find out because somebody saw them holding hands in the park.

The next day, Margo, and Aleida presented the docking system to Thomas, Ellen, Bradford and the Apollo-Soyuz team. Sergei talked to the Soviets and they agreed that it would work for them. Margo told Sergei that they would need to coordinate their approach while in space, and Sergei gave her the frequencies, with Margo returning the favor. Thomas told Ellen that the cat was out of the bag now, and Ellen agreed.

Ellen sat with Larry and he mentions that he knew she was with someone because she was glowing. Ellen tells him that she had found Pam again through her book, which surprised him. He told her that he was happy for her, but realized that she would be coming out. Larry was surprised, saying that he did not know that they had a specific time planned for coming out. Ellen mentions that they should start living their lives and getting a divorce, which freaks him out, since he believed they were sharing a life together, and he loved her. She told him that she felt alone since she had lost Pam the first time. Larry understood, and mentioned that he would do anything for Ellen. She leaves and tells him they would talk when she returned.

In New York Ellen and Thomas have a drink before negotiating a space alliance with Korea. He told her that the Koreans were party animals, which she says exhausts her, but he tells her she will do great. She tells him that she had been meaning to tell him, but is interrupted by a phone call. When she takes the call, she thanks the caller and tells Thomas that her father had a heart attack. Thomas remembered he was in Connecticut, so he told her to use the limo and he would take a taxi to the airport.

Ellen visited her dad in the hospital when he had a heart attack.

Ellen's father tells her he is sorry she missed her flight for nothing, but she tells him that he had a heart attack and needs to take care of himself. He reminds her that he is running a half-a-billion-dollar company, which she understood. He tells her that if she wanted him to slow down then she would need to help him, which would not happen soon, but she tells him that she is thinking of leaving NASA since she wanted to get to Mars and believed that private spaceflight would be the only way to do it. He wonders what Larry has to say, and she tells him that he only wants her to be happy, which gladdened him, since she would always have a solid man by her side, but he would like grandkids.

Ellen is interrupted and told that the White House wanted to speak to her. She went to the phone and received news that the flight Thomas was on had been shot by the Soviets, leaving no survivors. However, the Soviets had not confirmed this nor apologized.

NASA officials wondered why Tom's plane had been flying over Sakhalin.

At a meeting, Margo asks what the airliner was doing flying over Sakhalin and Molly says it could have been a navigational error, but Margo thought 400 miles was too much and wondered why a commercial airliner would be shot down. Bradford mentioned they had spy planes flying over Sakhalin all the time, so the Soviets were paranoid. However, he mentioned that it was more likely that they suspected that the plane was being used to spy, but said that it would be ridiculous. Molly was annoyed that she had not been able to reach Poole or Morrison, but Bradford told her that the FBI had shut down access to all Soviet officials in the US including the Apollo-Soyuz engineers. Ellen agreed and told everybody that she had spoken to the White House and until they found a replacement, she would be acting administrator. She mentions that their priority was contacting the astronauts, maybe contacting Sergei first.

Bradford asks if they will really ask for help after being attacked by the Soviets, and Margo tells him that Sergei will listen to reason. Ellen tells Bradford that they should consider all their available options before making the whole situation worse. Ellen tells Margo that she would contact him. When Margo leaves, she whispers something in Ellen's ear and leaves.

Margo tells a Senator over the phone that she was doing everything she could to contact the astronauts while Larry helps her with coffee. Pam walks in and asks if it was a bad time, but Ellen walks up and kisses her. Larry greets Pam as well and tells her that the phone had not stopped ringing all day. Ellen asks for money for NASA's security and is told that she would get it.

When Ellen was finally able to take a break, she talked to Pam grieving Tom's death.

After a while, Ellen was still on the phone while Pam got bored. Ellen hangs up the phone and apologizes, but Pam tells her it was fine and mentions she was good at her job. Pam gives Ellen a massage and they kiss Ellen tells Pam she is fine, but was exhausted and overwhelmed since she would have been on that plane if her father had not had a heart attack. Pam tells her not to think about it, but Ellen did not like hearing that Thomas was meant to die and says that he was a good man, but mostly misunderstood. Pam tells Ellen that she is alive and with her, which she was grateful for and the two hug. The phone rings once again and Ellen is told that the president would be speaking to her.

Larry helps Ellen with her coffee and they both mention they could not sleep. He asks her how she is doing, and she mentions she does not know since she was overwhelmed. He tells her that she would have to say goodbye to Mars for at least a decade since the military was taking control, but she did not like that, though she does not know what to do about it. He tells her that she is the acting administrator of NASA and needed to prove she had things under control so she could have everybody's trust.

Margo, Molly and Bradford are called to a meeting along with other people who did not know what the meeting was about. Ellen walks in and greets everybody, telling them that the president had decided to arm Pathfinder. Bradford agrees with it since they were being left with no choice, but Margo mentions it is a defensive measure until it suddenly is not. Ellen ignores her and proceeds to say that they were moving up the retaking of lunar claim site 357 Bravo, which would happen within 48 hours. Molly says that the plan was to use lunar night in order to maintain the element of surprise and reminds Ellen that the astronauts had not finished training, but Ellen tells them that the president was comfortable with moving forward after her recommendations. Margo and Molly were left in shock.

The claim has been taken back by American astronauts and Ellen, Margo and Bradford inform the president about their success. Margo asks about Apollo-Soyuz and Ellen says that since they have the moral high ground, they should keep it and the president agrees, also noting her great work, nominating her to the Senate and naming her permanent NASA administrator and asks her to think about it. Bradford and Margo congratulate her and think it is ridiculous that she was thinking it over, adding that they could go to Mars now. Bradford tells Margo that the Soviets had delayed the Buran shuttle probably due to repairs and tells Margo that they had probably figured it out by themselves.

Ellen told Pam that what she wanted was to be with her.

Pam asks Ellen if she is okay, so Ellen tells her about being offered to be NASA's administrator. Pam congratulates her, but she says she would not take it and was waiting for the right time to tell her. However, Pam tells her that she could be part of Raegan's cabinet and asks her if that was not everything she ever wanted since she could go to Mars. However, Ellen tells her that she is what she wants and they kiss.

Paramedics try helping the injured cosmonauts while Rossi, the commander, spoke to Houston on the line. The astronauts tell the commander that they had perceived a hostile intent, but the cosmonauts had only been reaching for their translation cards. Ellen asks them if they were sure that there were no weapons on sight before she took the incident to the president.

Ellen tells Bradford and Margo that the situation was not good, and Margo points out that wars have started over a lot less.

Ellen, Margo, and Bradford watch the news, where the Soviet Union mentions they would not be intimidated and knew that the United States had plans to bring nuclear weapons to the moon and said that they would get in the way and destroy them before they got there. Bradford tells them that there had just been a launch from Sakhalin island - the Buran shuttle, which the CIA says was armed. Ellen mentions that was a problem since it could orbit space, shoot them down and they would never even see it coming. Margo takes her glasses off angrily once everyone leaves.

They track the shuttle at DODCOM, but after three hours, they find that they had done was dock it with their space station, which made Margo think that they were overreacting. Bradford would like to believe that, but mentions that they had been stockpiling fuel on that station. Suddenly, Buran launched and Bradford mentioned it could shoot Sea Dragon down before it entered lunar orbit, which worries Ellen since the moon was being blockaded.

Ellen told Bradford and Margo that since the cosmonaut had asked the United States for asylum, they would grant it to him.

Ellen tells Margo and Bradford that since the cosmonaut had requested asylum, they would grant it, which is what the president had said. Ellen tells them that the plan was to get him to the United States on the next shuttle the next month. Margo stops Ellen and asks her if she had asked the president about Apollo-Soyuz. Ellen says that they had not, but would recommend that they cancel it if she was asked her opinion. Margo asks if they could wait to see if the Russians launched Soyuz and Ellen agrees to see how things played out.

Ellen was heartbroken when Pam told her that she would leave her.

Pam leaves Ellen a letter in which she tells her that she still loves Elise, hoping she understood and leaves. Larry walks up to Ellen and she tells him about the letter. Larry comforts Ellen, who does not understand and cries.

Ellen makes it to mission control, where she is told by Margo that the Soviets were asking for more time before docking with no reason given. Margo is optimistic, but Molly tells them it has to do with the lunar blockade. Margo asks about Buran, but Ellen tells her is classified which Margo finds ridiculous since they would not be able to make informed decisions.

Ellen tells Margo and Molly that they could not keep this up, but Margo does not want to give up since they were on the brink of war. She asks Ellen for one more orbit, and she gives Margo 90 minutes. Molly tells Bill that they had one more orbit before they called it quits, which Aleida protests since people had worked very hard. Molly asks Bill who Aleida is and mentions she likes her when she sees her attitude.

Margo finds Ellen and Bradford and tells them that Jamestown was not responding. Margo says that there was a backup, but Bradford tells her that it might not be that simple and reveals that there was a second reactor in order to make weapons on the moon which meant there was no failsafe. She tells them to forget that it was nonsensical to have nuclear weapons on the moon, but to keep it from the people in charge was wrong. She storms out of the room after that.

Ellen tells Ed about Jamestown and he remembers he put everybody on that base. Sally asks why they would attack Jamestown, but they do not know. Ed tells them that they saw a weakness in them and Bradford tells them that they were their last hope. They start losing signal as they reach the far side of the moon.

In NASA's mission control, the siren starts sounding, so Ellen tells them they're in DEFCON 2 since the Soviet fleet off the coast of Panama is threatening the southern United States with ten nuclear bombs threatening Houston alone. Margo tells everyone where the bomb shelters are at, telling them that whoever wanted to go should go, but only one person leaves. Margo tells Bill that they would need to bring Apollo home.

Apollo and Soyuz were finally able to dock together after a long time.

Bill and Aleida tell Apollo how to get back down, but Danielle refuses and tells him they would proceed with the docking maneuver. Danielle tells him that she would not be going back down. When Margo tells her what her orders were, Danielle told her she was choosing to ignore her orders and told them to begin docking procedures lest they crash. Molly says that she does not care what Danielle had said since she had been given an order, which Makes Margo comment that maybe it was due to it being okay that she had not followed orders many times before. Before Molly could react, Ellen tells them that it was okay for them to proceed since at least one good thing should happen on that shitty day. Aleida does not believe it, but Bill lets her talk to the astronauts, which Margo encourages. Apollo begins approaching Soyuz and they ultimately dock.

Ellen is called by the president, who told her Apollo-Soyuz was beautiful and inspirational, which Ellen felt they needed. Raegan asks for the status of Pathfinder and Buran, who were still out of communication range.

Buran had missile lock on Sea dragon 17, so Ed sits down again, telling her he would do what he had to and shoots Sea Dragon down. They look at the cosmonauts and turn back from the moon. Houston contacts them and Ellen asks if they had engaged with Buran, but Ed says they had not, which Ellen is relieved to hear.

Later, at Tracy and Gordo's graves, Ed cries and leaves a deck of cards on top of Gordo's. Molly, Ellen, Danielle, Jimmy, Danny, Karen and Kelly cry as well. Karen leaves Tracy flowers.


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Ellen Wilson: Historian and author of ground-breaking works on the abolition of the British slave trade

The historian Ellen Wilson wrote a series of important books that laid the foundations for much of the scholarly discussion that took place in 2007 on the bicentenary of the British abolition of the slave trade. Based in York in later life, she had earlier worked as a journalist in the American mid-west during the Second World War.

Of Cornish and Irish stock, she was born Ellen Gibson in Wisconsin in 1919, and graduated from the University of Wisconsin in 1941 in history andjournalism. Beginning on a small local newspaper, she moved to the Milwaukee Journal's state desk in 1943(the first woman to do so), and specialised in welfare reporting. In 1950 she was awarded a Reid fellowship to enable her to study the new welfare state, and the emerging new towns in Britain. This interest led to her appointment as a public-relations officer for the new John Kennedy administration in Washington in the early 1960s. It was there that she met Henry S. Wilson, the English historian of Africa. Following their marriage, she moved with him first to Aberystwyth and then to York.

In Britain she turned her research and writing skills in a new direction, making a new name for herself as the author of a series of important books. Initially her work was published in the New Shell Guides, to Britain and then to England. But her major and perhaps most durable impact came from three historical studies. The first was The Loyal Blacks (1976), on the remarkable story of freed slaves who sided with the British during and after the American War of Independence. This pioneering study enabled later historians (notably Simon Schama in his 2005 Rough Crossings) to give the subject wider currency.

Her study of John Clarkson's expedition to take some of those freed slaves "back to Africa" (John Clarkson and the African Adventure, 1980) was another innovative book, rooted in exhaustive research and written in Wilson's compelling narrative style. It too opened up an area of interest explored by more recent scholars. The qualities of her biography of the abolitionist Thomas Clarkson (1989) were not fully and publicly appreciated until 2007, when the bicentenary of abolition in 1807 generated remarkable widespread attention to the British abolition of the slave trade. Scholars' serious engagement with the nature and narrative of British abolition revealed how much had been learned from Wilson's earlier work.

In all those books, she proved herself an exemplary scholar, and a writer who could satisfy specialist and general reader alike. But she was also a writer who could turn her hand to a range of topics, from West African cookery to the local history of her own part of Yorkshire. Friends and colleagues will remember her fondly for the grace and warmth of her friendly social entertainment, the elegance of her various Yorkshire homes – and for that breath of fresh American air she brought to the crustier corners of local life. Her last days were brightened by the thrill and the promise brought by the election of Barack Obama, bringing back memories of her earlier career in Washington under JFK.

Ellen Gibson, historian: born Eau Claire, Wisconsin 13 November 1919 married 1964 Henry S. Wilson died York 4 December 2008.


American Humane Association (2006). The story of Mary Ellen: The beginnings of a worldwide child-saving crusade. Available: http://www.americanhumane.org/site/PageServer?pagename=wh_mission_maryellen_wh eeler

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